Vocabulary: Combination Words, page 3

underfoot

It is delicious, like the twisted little apples that grow in the orchards of winesburg. In the fall one walks in the orchards and the ground is hard with frost underfoot. the apples have been taken from the trees by the pickers. They have been put in barrels and shipped to the cities where they will be eaten in apartments that are filled with books, magazines, furniture, and people. On the trees are only a few gnarled apples that the pickers have rejected. They look like the knuckles on doctor reefy's hands. One nibbles at them and they are delicious. Into a little round place at the side of the apple has been gathered all of its sweetness. One runs from tree to tree over the frosted ground picking the gnarled, twisted apples and filling his pockets with them. Only the few know the sweetness of the twisted apples.
Winesburg, Ohio (novel) (1919) by Sherwood Anderson.
underfoot = under the feet.

hangdog

hang-dog look› sorry Xah, I ate'm all [m&m chocolates].
CompuServe post by “m.j.vasko”, ≈1992.
hangdog = showing a sense of guilt.

hagridden

“Ah, I That scientists disagree with you only proves that they are spineless, hagridden, greedy liars, perverting the truth in order to bag some nice juicy grants and get those articles into print…”
CompuServe poster Bill Snyder, early 1990s.
hagridden = tormented or harassed by nightmares or unreasonable fears.

broadside

… but in 1640 Pascal did print a one-page broadside entitled Essay pour les coniques, which announced some of his findings. Only two copies of this famous leaflet are known to be still in existence …
?
Pascal is a mathematician. “coniques” refers to conic sections, see: Conic Sections.
broadside = a advertisement (usually printed on a page or in a leaflet) intended for wide distribution.

runaround

Pack says he asked Stanley for his money back but instead got a runaround. At first Stanley said he couldn't pay him because of a bounced check, then it was a long story about his life being in danger because of dealings with some questionable people living in Florida. Pack eventually had what he called a “gentlemen's discussion” with Stanley; essentially, Pack says, he demanded that Stanley “pay up or else.” He finally got most of his money back, but the episode left him with a strong impression.
The Great Internet Con By Dan Goodin. @ Source
runaround = Deception, usually in the form of evasive excuses. (AHD)

jailbait

sassy jailbait.
epithet from dialogue in movie Exotica (film)
Jailbait is a interesting word. It means a girl who is physically mature enough to attract sexual attention of men, but is illegal to have mutually consentual sex with, because their age under the laws of certain Western societies since the industrialization consider psychologically immature to have sex. In USA, this is typically 18 or 17. So, a jailbait is some young, pretty, buxom lasses in your neighborhood such as your daughter, who baits men into jail. The word is interesting from a linguistical ethology's point of view because, the word bait is applied to such girls. When something is a “bait”, it means it has attraction to some subject. See also: Hebophilia
jailbait = A person below the age of consent with whom sexual intercourse can constitute statutory rape. (AHD)

handholding

… as customers, increasingly comfortable with personal computers and requiring less handholding, were more price-conscious and reluctant to pay for the comforts of a well-heeled operations like Businessland.
?
well-heeled = in fortunate circumstances financially; moderately rich.
handholding = Strong personal support and reassurance, especially to alleviate tension and anxiety.

skinflint

Such obstinacy did not go down well among the skinflints of academe …
?
skinflint = a selfish person who is unwilling to give or spend.

highborn

… so that her highborn kinsmen came, and bore her away from me, …
Edgar Allan Poe in Annabel Lee.
highborn = Of noble birth.

upkeep

Managers of a mobile-home park were denied the rent increase they requested because residents complained about the park's upkeep.
?
upkeep = The act of keeping up, or maintaining; maintenance.

byword

“Smaller, faster, cheaper” are NASA's new bywords.
? Time Mag early 1990?
byword = A common saying; a proverb; a saying that has a general currency.

gadfly

Here he plays Cyrano, gadfly and rabble-rouser, man about town, friend of some, envied by many, despised by a powerful few, and hopelessly, oh, most painfully and endearingly, in love with Roxane (Anne Brochet).
Cyrano De Bergerac By Roger Ebert. @ Source
rabble-rouser = a orator who appeals to the passions and prejudices of his audience.
gadfly = A persistent irritating critic; a nuisance. (AHD)

backlash

Now there may be a new force for change. Students who are tired of paying $20,000 a year to have someone throw up on their shoes have launched a growing backlash against their inebriated peers. Not just freshmen, prodded by over anxious parents, but upperclass men as well are demanding alcohol- and drug-free living and study environments. Even at party-hearty Dartmouth College in New Hampshire, the students in an entire dorm have pledged to stay sober during their four years of school. Repentant drinkers, meanwhile, are helping organize Alcoholics Anonymous groups on campus.
Higher Education: Crocked on Campus By Christine Gorman et al. @ time.com…
backlash = a adverse reaction to some political or social occurrence.

outlay

the huge outlay of grocery.
?
outlay = That which is expended; expenditure; money paid out.

headstrong

And the Trek phenomenon is bursting again like a fresh supernova. A seventh feature film, Star Trek: Generations, which opened over the weekend, brings together for the first time the two Enterprise big shots: Shatner as the heroic, headstrong Captain Kirk of the original series and of every movie until now; and Patrick Stewart, the bald-pated Brit who succeeded him as the more cerebral Captain Picard in The Next Generation.
Trekking Onward By Richard Zoglin et al. @ time.com…
headstrong = Directed by ungovernable will, or proceeding from obstinacy.

landlock

… Meryl Streep,… is landlocked in Iowa …
?

threadbare

The theater was moribund, subsisting on threadbare melodramas as vacuous as they were popular,…
?
threadbare = Worn out; clothing that show threads as a result of wearing out.

ringleader

[someone said] “[she] Pops firecrackers in my apt. and hangs out with a bad crowd — probably is the ringleader!”
?
ringleader = a person who leads (especially in illicit activities).

whipsaw

For the big three online services — CompuServe, Prodigy and America Online — this was the year it all fell into place. The computers were cheap. The modems were fast. The infohighway buzzwords were on everybody's lips. “It's like Mars and Jupiter coming into alignment,” says Maurice Cox, president of CompuServe, the largest (2.25 million subscribers) of the field. Upstart America Online grew at such a rapid clip — an extraordinary 200% in the past 12 months — that subscribers complained of busy signals and its stock was whipsawed by takeover rumors (the most recent: that cable-TV mogul John Malone wants to buy a big stake). Even Prodigy, the troubled online service that has reportedly swallowed $1 billion of its co-owners’ (IBM and Sears) shrinking capital, seems to have turned the corner and is finally showing a profit.
Hooked Up to the Max By Philip Elmer-Dewitt Et Al. @ time.com…
U.S. stock whipsawed. — NEW YORK (CBS.MW) — Stocks zigzagged in and out of the plus column on Tuesday as investors responded to a number of cross-currents. For the Dow, severe losses in Citigroup and J.P. Morgan Chase amid mounting questions over their role in the Enron debacle challenged the index's upside.
Online news caption, 2002-07-23
whipsaw = a handsaw intended for use by two people, especially for cutting trees. Gambling: To defeat in, or cause to lose, two different bets at the same turn or in one play, as a player at faro.
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