Antonymous Synonyms and Synonymous Antonyms
seemingly antonyms, but more truly synonyms or semi- or demi-synonyms. The criterion is that words syntactically indicate opposite in meaning but actually similar in meaning.
- cry, decry │ you can cry, as in crying out loud, but you can also decry, by crying out loud
- linear, rectilinear │ linear algebra, rectilinear motion. Rectilinear is the linearness of motion.
- enfranchise, franchise │
- flammable, inflammable │ my wound has inflamed like a wild flame.
- famous, infamous │ good guys are famous, bad guys are infamous.
- title, entitle │ I'm entitled to title a book of my own penmanship. Title is to emphasize identification. To entitle a book is to emphasize titling.
- kindle, enkindle │
- Amend, emend │ I amend text by emending.
- overwhelm, whelm │ We could say that men are whelmed, women are overwhelmed.
- shamed, ashamed │ I'm ashamed to be shamed in public. Ashamed is shaming of shame. (while, sleep/asleep, wake/awake probably do not make this list.)
- commend, recommend │ I commend his recommendation. Commend is like a positive recommendation.
- regardless, irregardless │ irregardless of the ir prefix, it means the same as without.
- indiscriminate, undiscriminate │ both words are indiscriminate or undiscriminate.
- stressed, distressed │ I'm distressed to be so stressed or vice versa. Stress brings us pressure and strain, distress brings up anguish and panic.
- fatigable, indefatigable │
- bone, debone │
- nude, denuded │
- guise, disguise │
- haste, posthaste │
- genius, ingenious │ ingenious is as if something done by a genius.
- cute, acute │
- cease, decease │
- kin, akin │
In the grand language of English, a- anti- dis- un- im- ir- in- de- all jostle for opposition. Unwittingly, to wit: aperiodic; antihero, antipathy, antithesis; peccable, impeccable; maculate, immaculate; pervious, impervious, impure; irregular, indifferent, detached/attached, insensible, impartial, dispassionate, unbiased, apathetic, impassive, unfeeling, disinterested, uninterested, untouched, irresponsible, disdain.
Note: these may not be antonyms, but just not synonyms. The criterion is that words syntactically similar in meaning but semantically not.
- same, indifferent │ indifferent means impartial.
- impart, impartial │
- disinterested, uninterested │ the former means impartial, the latter of no interest.
- rest, restive │ restive means jumpy.
- ingenuous, disingenuous │ ingenuous = artless, naive. disingenuous = crafty, cunning.
- dubitable, redoubtable │
- light, alight │
- scribe, describe │
- recondite, recondition │
- reduce, deduce │
- fair, affair │
If you know any, please comment. Thanks to Joshua Freeman, John Seal for addition.
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