English Phonetics: IPA vs American Heritage Dictionary vs Merriam-Webster

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This page gives a comparison table of pronunciation symbols for English, used by IPA, and American Heritage Dictionary (AHD) and Merriam-Webster (MW) Dictionary.

IPAAHDMWSample Words
ɑːäädark, heart, park, car, hark, father
ɑŏdot, pot, hot, pop, bob, body
æaadad, bad, at, bat, pal, pat, add, cat, fat
ɛĕebet, pepper, desk,fetch, neck
āāray, A, H, eight, take, date, bake, pain
ɪĭ'iit, dig, pig, drink
ēēeat, pee, see, heat, beat
oōōpole, dole, dough, oh
ɔːôȯwalk, talk, saw, Paul
ɝûəwork, were, bird, dirt, nurse, stir, courage
əbut, butt, bud
ʊo͝otook, book, look, hook, cook, hood, foot, good, put
uo͞oütwo, spook, shoot, hoot,goose, influence,
īīdie, kite, like, light, I, high, try
ouau̇vow, bow
IPAAHDMWSample Words

IPA is used by Oxford dictionaries and basically all dictionaries around the world, except American. American dictionaries each cook up a idiosyncratic scheme. The Longman dictionary of American English uses IPA, a exception to the rule.

For a list of online dictionaries, see: Online English Dictionary Tools.

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