Lojban and Chinese, A Word A Day

By Xah Lee. Date:

cnino = unfamiliar, new = 不bu4 熟shou2, 新xin1.

cnino ≔ x1 is new/unfamiliar/novel to observer x2 in feature x3 (ka) by standard x4; x1 is a novelty

ta cnino mi = that's new to me.

xu ta cnino do = is that new to you?

熟 = cooked; ripe, as in ripe peach; mature, as in 成chen熟.

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vecnu = buy, sell = 买mai3 , 卖mai4 .

vecnu ≔ x1 [seller] sells/vends x2 [goods/service/commodity] to buyer x3 for amount/cost/expense x4

买 = 買,卖 = 賣

Examples:

mi vecnu do ta

do vecnu mi ti

xu do vecnu ta

ma vecnu zo'e ti

Review: mi = I, do = you, ta = that, ti = this, xu=((is it true…)), ma = who, where, what, blank, zo'e = blank.

ladru = milk = 奶nai3.

ladru ≔ x1 is made of/contains/is a quantity of milk from source x2; (adjective:) x1 is lactic/dairy
xu do ponse le ladru = got milk? = 你有you3 奶nai3 嗎?

奶 = milk; breast.

mi taske le ladru = i'm thirsty for milk = 我wo3 要yao4 喝he1 奶nai3. (i want drink milk)
mi pinxe le ladru = i drink milk = 我喝奶
mi djica le ladru .e le nanba = i want milk and bread = 我要牛niu2奶和he2麵mian4包bao1.
le ladru cu cidja le remna = milk is human food = 牛奶是shi4人ren2的de3食si2物wu4

remna = human = 人

catlu = look = 看 kan4

catlu ≔ x1 looks at/examines/views/inspects/regards/watches/gazes at x2

ma catlu = who is looking? = 谁在看 shei2zai4kan4 ?

do catlu ma = what are you looking at/for? = 你在看什么 ni3 zai4 kan4 shen2 me3 ?
mi catlu do .i do catlu mi = i look at you, you look at me = 我看你,你看我 wo kan ni, ni kan wo

在 = “at”, but it also means “currently, at the moment”.

.e = and = 和he2 .

“.e” in lojban means “and”, as in together. The dot in front is a little pause. It is part of lojban's alphabet.

“mi .e do” = me and you.

“mi citka ti .e ta” = i eat this and that. (meaning both) = 我吃这个和那个.

cusku = expresses, says = 说 shuo1

cusku ≔ x1 (agent) expresses/says x2 (sedu'u/text/lu'e concept) for audience x3 via expressive medium x4
do cusku ma = what did you say? = 你说什么?

tavla = talk, speak = 说 shuo1

tavla ≔ x1 talks/speaks to x2 about subject x3 in language x4
mi tavla do le lojban = I speak to you about lojban = 我wo3 和he2 你ni3 谈tan2 邏輯luo2ji2 语yu3.

= “chat”. 和 = “and”. “我和你谈” = literally means “I and you chat”. “邏輯语” = lojban. 邏輯 = logic. 语 = (spoken)language.

mi tavla do le lojban le lojban = I speak to you about lojban in lojban = 我和你用yong4 lojban 谈 tan2 lojban

= use.

mi tavla do zo'e le lojban = I speak to you in lojban = 我用 lojban 和你说.

In Chinese, it literally means “I use lojban with you speak”

zo'e tavla do zo'e le lojban = someone speaks to you in lojban
zo'e tavla zo'e = someone speaks to someone

The “zo'e” is a empty placeholder.

ma tavla mi = who is talking to me?
mi tavla ko = let me talk to you!
ko tavla mi = tell me!

Remember that “ko” is a command form of “you”.

ponse = have, possess = 有 you3 .

ponse ≔ x1 possesses/owns/has x2 under law/custom x3; x1 is owner/proprietor of x2 under x3
mi ponse le djini = I have money = 我 wo3 有 钱 qian2
ma ponse le djini = who has money? = 谁 shei2 有 钱?
do ponse ma = what do you have? = 你 ni3 有 什 shen2 么 me3?

什么 = what.

2004-02