Lojban and Chinese, A Word A Day

By Xah Lee. Date:

xagji = hungry = 饿 e4

xagji ≔ x1 hungers for x2; x1 needs/wants food/fuel x2
mi xagji = I hungry = 我饿.

To say “I'm hungry” in Chinese, it is 我饿了le3. The 了 at the end is to indicate a state.

“mi xagji le cidja” means specifically “i'm hungry for food”. Cidja = food. The ‘le’ is to make a selbri word into a sumti. (somewhat analogous to English verb into noun.) In Chinese, there is no phrase for “I'm hungry for food”, because the word 饿 means a roughly “no food in stomach”.

tcika = time = 时 shi2 (time) 间 jian1 (space) .

tcika ≔ x1 [hours, {minutes}, {seconds}] is the time/hour of state/event x2 on day x3 at location x4

“ma tcika ti” = “what time is it”. ‘ma’ is the place-holder for unknown sumti. ti = here/this.

In Chinese, “what time is it?” is “现 xian4 在 zai4 几 ji3 点 dian3”. ‘现在’ = “right now”. 几 = “how many”. 点 = o'clock/points.

nicte = night = 夜ye4 .

nicte ≔ x1 is a nighttime of day x2 at location x3; (adjective:) x1 is at night/nocturnal

cadzu = walk = 走 zou3

cadzu ≔ x1 walks/strides/paces on surface x2 using limbs x3

In Chinese, 走 = walk/move/go. 路 = road. To say “walk” as by using legs, it is 走路.

prami = love = 爱(ai4)

prami ≔ x1 loves/feels strong affectionate devotion towards x2 (object/state)

mi prami do = I love you = 我爱你 wo3 ai4 ni3

cerni = morning = 早 zao3

cerni ≔ x1 is a morning [dawn until after typical start-of-work for locale] of day x2 at location x3

To say “good morning” as a greeting, lojban speakers simply use the common greeting ‘coi’.

To state that “morning is good”, it is “.i le cerni xamgu”. The ‘.i’ marks a new sentence. xamgu = good = 好 Hao3.

klama = come/go. come = 来 lai2. Go = 去 chu4

klama ≔ x1 come/go destination x2 from origin x3 via route x4 using means/vehicle x5
do klama ma = you go where? = 你 ni3 去 qu4 那 na3 里 li3 .

do = you = 你. ‘ma’ is a place-holder for unknown sumti, and thus making it a question. Where = 那里.

"kacmyxra" = photograph = 相片 xiang4 pian4.

2004-02