Lojban and Chinese, A Word A Day
xagji = hungry = 饿 e4
To say “I'm hungry” in Chinese, it is 我饿了le3. The 了 at the end is to indicate a state.
“mi xagji le cidja” means specifically “i'm hungry for food”. Cidja = food. The ‘le’ is to make a selbri word into a sumti. (somewhat analogous to English verb into noun.) In Chinese, there is no phrase for “I'm hungry for food”, because the word 饿 means a roughly “no food in stomach”.
tcika = time = 时 shi2 (time) 间 jian1 (space) .
“ma tcika ti” = “what time is it”. ‘ma’ is the place-holder for unknown sumti. ti = here/this.
In Chinese, “what time is it?” is “现 xian4 在 zai4 几 ji3 点 dian3”. ‘现在’ = “right now”. 几 = “how many”. 点 = o'clock/points.
nicte = night = 夜ye4 .
cadzu = walk = 走 zou3
In Chinese, 走 = walk/move/go. 路 = road. To say “walk” as by using legs, it is 走路.
prami = love = 爱(ai4)
mi prami do = I love you = 我爱你 wo3 ai4 ni3
cerni = morning = 早 zao3
To say “good morning” as a greeting, lojban speakers simply use the common greeting ‘coi’.
To state that “morning is good”, it is “.i le cerni xamgu”. The ‘.i’ marks a new sentence. xamgu = good = 好 Hao3.
klama = come/go. come = 来 lai2. Go = 去 chu4
do = you = 你. ‘ma’ is a place-holder for unknown sumti, and thus making it a question. Where = 那里.
"kacmyxra" = photograph = 相片 xiang4 pian4.