Lojban and Chinese, A Word A Day

By Xah Lee. Date:

tuple = leg = 腿tui3

tuple ≔ x1 is a/the leg [body-part] of x2; [metaphor: supporting branch]
lo mi tuple = my legs = 我的腿
lo ta tuple cu melbi = that one's legs are beautiful = 那腿是美的
ta melbi tuple = those are beautiful legs= 那是美腿
lo tuple be ko'a cu melbi = her legs are beautiful = 她的腿美
lo ko'a tuple cu melbi = her legs are beautiful = 她的腿美
lo tuple po'e ta cu melbi = her legs are beautiful = 她的腿美

po'e = possessive = 的. ko'a = it, she = 他/她/那

bisli = ice = 冰bing1

bisli ≔ x1 is a quantity of/is made of/contains ice [frozen crystal] of composition/material x2

ta bisli = that's ice = 那是冰
le bisli cu lenku = ice is cold = 冰是冰的

In Chinese, 冰 also means a “ice cold”.

lunbe = naked = 裸luo2

lunbe ≔ x1 is bare/naked/nude; x1 is without cover/clothes/[protection]
ko lunbe = bare yourself = 裸吧ba3

“bare yourself” or 裸吧 are not common usage. That is, people usually say “take off your clothes” instead. 吧 does not mean anything. It's added at the end of sentences as to suggest the final remark in a discussion, as if it's a command.

tarci = star = 星xing1

tarci ≔ x1 is a star/sun with stellar properties x2
ko catlu le vu tarci = look at those stars = 你看那星星 (ni3 kan4 na4 xing1xing1)

“vu” indicates “far away”

cinmo = feels emotion = 感gan3

cinmo ≔ x1 feels emotion x2 (ka) about x3

vorme = door,gate = 门,关

vorme ≔ x1 is a doorway/gateway/access way between x2 and x3 of structure x4
le vorme ku kalri = the door is open = 门开的 men2 kai1 de3
le vorme ku ganlo = the door closed = 门关guan1的

le = article; turn a selbri into a sumti; adding ku at the end to close it. kalri = open. ganlo = close.

门 = 門 = door. 开 = 開 = open. 关 = 關 = close; gate.

2005-06