Lojban and Chinese, A Word A Day
cilre = learn = 学 xue2
cilre ≔ x1 learns x2 (du'u) about subject x3 from source x4 (obj./event) by method x5 (event/process)
mi cilre zo'e la lojban = i learn lojban = 我学 lojban.
mi cilre zo'e la lojban la cukta = i learn lojban from a book = 我看kan4书su1学 lojban.
Recall that zo'e is blank word, and “la” is placed in front of names.
看 = read; look. 书 = book. 和 = and.
do .e mi cu cilre zo'e la lojban = you and me learn lojban = 你和我学lojban
tcadu = city = 城市 cheng2 shi4
tcadu ≔ x1 is a town/city of metropolitan area x2, in political unit x3, serving hinterland/region x4
barda tcadu = big city = 大da4城市
cmalu verba tcadu = city of small children = 小孩城市
barda verba tcadu = city of big children = 大孩城市
barda ke verba tcadu ke'e = big, city of children = 大的孩子城市
The ke and ke'e acts like grouping parenthesis.
城≈fortress; building; town. 市≈market place, center of activity, downtown. 孩子 = children.
mi pu klama le tcadu = i went to city = 我去城市
mi prami le nicte tcadu ku = i love night city = 我爱ai4夜ye4城
爱 = love. 夜 = night.
verba = child = 小孩 xiao3 hai2
verba ≔ x1 is a child/kid/juvenile [a young person] of age x2, immature by standard x3
fetsi verba = girl = 女孩 nu3 hai2
cmalu verba = little child = 小孩
cmalu fetsi bo verba = little girl = 小女孩
bo connects two words together, like a hypen, so that “little girl bo school” means “little girl-school”. See http://lojban.org/publications/reference_grammar/chapter5.html
小 = small. 女 = female. 孩 = child.
kalri = open = 開kai1
kalri ≔ x1 (portal/passage/entrance-way) is open/ajar/not shut permitting passage/access to x2 by x3
le vorme ku kalri = the door is open = 门开的 men2 kai1 de3
vorme = door = 門
Traditional characters: 门 = 門,开 = 開
tirna = hear = 听ting1
tirna ≔ x1 hears x2 against background/noise x3; x2 is audible; (adjective:) x1 is aural
mi tirna le zgike = i listen to music = 我听音乐wo3 tin1 yin1yue4
音乐 = music. 听 = 聽. 音乐 = 音樂.