李敖有话说 #273:小脚放大没放好 (文言文,白话文, 胡适, 鲁迅) (Li Ao on Chinese)

By Xah Lee. Date:

From Li Ao's Sina Weibo:

中文本由文言文一肩挑,挑不动了,白话文继起。但白话文碰到 5 个绊脚石:一是小脚放大、一是鸳鸯蝴蝶泛滥、一是日文暗伤(看看鲁迅!)、一是国共两党党八股、一是计算机族火星文。要打倒这 5 个绊脚石,建立起恣肆的、漂亮的、博学的新中文。文起白话之衰、道济天下之溺,正是李敖的絶活呀!

哈囉李敖 学者李敖

看李敖的微帖子,一帖也要看个半天。啥是 小脚放大、啥是鸳鸯蝴蝶泛滥、啥是 日文暗伤,啥是 党八股。哦,计算机族火星文,这个我懂。

273 李敖有话说:小脚放大没放好 A

Chen Duxiu (simplified Chinese: 陈独秀; traditional Chinese: 陳獨秀; pinyin: Chén Dúxiù; Wade–Giles: Chen Tu-hsiu; October 8, 1879 – May 27, 1942) was a Chinese revolutionary socialist, educator, philosopher, and author, who co-founded the Chinese Communist Party (with Li Dazhao) in 1921, serving from 1921 to 1927 as its first General Secretary. Chen was a leading figure in the anti-imperial Xinhai Revolution and the May Fourth Movement for Science and Democracy. Politically, he advocated the Trotskyist theory of Marxism.

Chen's ancestral home was in Anqing, Anhui, where he established the influential vernacular Chinese periodical New Youth (Xin Qingnian).

陈独秀(1879年12月24日-1942年5月27日),原名乾生,字仲甫,号实庵,安徽省怀宁县十里铺(今属安庆市)人。思想家、政治活动家、语言学家,中国共产党的主要创建者之一及首任总书记。他是新文化运动的主要倡导者之一,创办了著名白话文刊物《新青年》,也是五四运动的精神领袖。

1921年作为总书记的他,反对中国共产党接受共产国际的大量金钱和鸦片(代替货币以方便在中国南方变现)援助,但反对无效。[1]他于1927年7月被共产国际剥夺中共党内领导职务。1929年因中东路事件中苏正在中国东北开战,他反对当时中共提出的“武装保卫苏联”的口号,被中共中央开除党籍[2]。之后,陈独秀的政治思想开始向托洛茨基主义靠近,对斯大林主义进行了批判,并于1931年成立中国托派组织。

273 李敖有话说:小脚放大没放好 B
273 李敖有话说:小脚放大没放好 C

鸳鸯蝴蝶派

鸳鸯蝴蝶派

鸳鸯蝴蝶派,又稱哀情小说,是中国现代文学一个流派。

八股文 (The eight-legged essay)

八股文(英译:Stereotyped Writing;Eight-Legged Essay),是明清科举考试的一种文体,也称制义、制艺、时文、八比文。 八股文就是指文章的八个部分,文体有固定格式:由破题、承题、起讲、入题、起股、中股、后股、束股八部分组成,题目一律出自四书五经中的原文。后四个部分每部分有两股排比对偶的文字,合起来共八股。旧时科举,八股文要用孔子、孟子的口气说话,四副对子平仄对仗,不能用风花雪月的典故亵渎圣人,每篇文章包括从起股到束股四个部分。

The eight-legged essay (Chinese: 八股文; pinyin: bāgǔwén) was a style of essay writing that had to be mastered[clarify] to pass the imperial examinations during the Ming and Qing dynasties.

The eight-legged essay is named so because it was divided into eight sections.[1]

The term “essay” itself originates with Michel de Montaigne in 1580, when he published Essais. The term “essay” then described a genera of literary endeavor. Montaigne's essays demonstrated a narrative deductive rather than inductive approach to examining and explaining experience. The eight-legged Confucian examination response is more an example of a prescribed organizational pattern than it is an essay in the broader understanding of the term, something more akin to the modern five-paragraph essay in that conforming to the criteria demonstrated an aspiring scholar's ability to explain ideas within the confines of an authorized or expected pattern. Accordingly, we must use the term “essay” loosely in this instance.

  1. 破題 Opening
  2. 承題 Amplification
  3. 起講 Preliminary exposition
  4. 起股 Initial argument
  5. 中股 Central argument
  6. 後股 Latter argument
  7. 束股 Final argument
  8. 大結 Conclusion

火星文 = Martian language. Basically, the Chinese version of netslang.

火星文,字面上解作火星人的文字,但實際上是指一类網絡語言。

随着互联网的普及,年轻网民為求方便或彰顯個性,开始大量使用同音字、音近字、特殊符号来表音的文字。由于这种文字与日常生活中使用的文字相比有明显的不同,文法也相当奇异,難以讀懂,故稱為火星文,取「地球人看不懂的文字」的諷刺效果。“火星文”这种称法最早出现于台湾社会,随即流行于香港、中國大陸和海外华人社会,成为中文互联网上的一种特色。

火星文