语言学 好酷！ Etymology of Cool! 中英文的交流
酷 = cool!
The char 酷 is quite interesting. It's pronounced kù, the same as the English word “cool”. It has acquired the English meaning of “cool” online. Though, the original Chinese meaning, “cruel, extremely, very, strong wine”, barely matches.
Note that the English “cool”, is also a slang.
etymology: cool (adj.)
Old English col “not warm” (but usually not as severe as cold), also, of persons, “unperturbed, undemonstrative,” from Proto-Germanic *koluz (cognates: Middle Dutch coel, Dutch koel, Old High German kuoli, German kühl “cool,” Old Norse kala “be cold”), from PIE root *gel- “cold, to freeze” (see cold (adj.)).
Applied since 1728 to large sums of money to give emphasis to amount. Meaning “calmly audacious” is from 1825. Slang use for “fashionable” is 1933, originally Black English; modern use as a general term of approval is from late 1940s, probably from bop talk and originally in reference to a style of jazz; said to have been popularized in jazz circles by tenor saxophonist Lester Young. Related: Coolly.
[etymology of cool https://www.etymonline.com/word/cool]
- cruel, extremely, very
- 1. 残忍、暴虐到极点：～刑。～吏。残～。严～。冷～。～滥。～虐。
- 2. 极，甚，程度深：～暑。～热。～寒。～爱。～似。
here's detailed chinese meaning.
(1) (形声。从酉( yǒu),表示与酒有关,告声。本义:酒味浓;香气浓)
(2) 同本义 [strong]
(3) 残暴;苛刻 [cruel]
(5) 悲惨;痛苦 [miserable;painful]
◎ 酷 kù
(1) 极,非常 [severely;very]
◎ 酷 kù
(1) 灾难;困苦 [catastrophe;hardship]。如:酷祸(惨祸)
(2) 惨痛,痛恨 [hate bitterly]